The European Union (EU) is traditionally neutral on the ownership of enterprises and Member States are free to choose the forms of ownership of their enterprises (European Economy). Privatisation is not part of any legal obligations related to the electronic communications regulation. However, most of the European telecommunications operators have been privatised during the privatisation wave of 1980-90s, spurred by liberalisation.
Slovenia is in a group of five EU Member States that have retained majority state ownership of their incumbent telecommunications operators: Luxemburg (100%), Cyprus (100%), Slovenia (72% plus an additional approx. 3% indirect stake), Belgium (53,51%) and Latvia (51%).